Zircon grain selection reveals (de)coupled metamictization, radiation damage, and He diffusivity

Alexis K. Ault, William Guenthner, Amy C. Moser, Gifford H. Miller, Kurt A. Refsnider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Broad variability in intrasample effective U concentration (eU) in zircon crystals is required to characterize zircon (U-Th)/He (zircon He) date-eU relationships that resolve thermal histories in ancient rocks. We describe a new protocol for selecting grains for zircon He thermochronometry that leverages visual crystal metamictization, a proxy for radiation damage accumulation, to generate a range in intrasample eU and zircon He date-eU/metamictization trends. Plane polarized light images, eU concentration, and zircon He data from 59 individual grains from six Proterozoic and three Archean North American granitoids reveal a progressive increase in crystal opacity and discoloration that correspond to increasing eU in each sample. Zircon eU ranges from 89 to 1885 ppm across the dataset and individual samples have eU variations of 538 ppm to 1579 ppm. Three Proterozoic samples yield distinct negative zircon He date-eU patterns with individual dates of ~908 to 20 Ma. Archean grains collectively define a negative date-eU trend from ~661 to 4 Ma. In contrast, three other Proterozoic samples yield uniform ~25 Ma zircon He dates over an 1800 ppm eU range, despite increasing eU with increasing metamictization. Simple thermal history models that account for coevolution of zircon radiation damage and He diffusion demonstrate visible metamictization and diffusivity are either coupled or decoupled depending on a sample's thermal history. Zircon He date-eU/metamictization pediments develop when variable but high eU grains with variable visual damage and closure temperature close with respect to He at the same time. Uniform dates with progressive increases in eU and visual damage, reflect decoupled He diffusion and visual damage, are associated with rapid cooling, and/or imply some forms of damage in zircon may not fully anneal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Geology
Volume490
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 25 2018

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radiation damage
Radiation damage
diffusivity
zircon
crystal
Crystals
Proterozoic
damage
Archean
history
pediment
Discoloration
closure temperature
Opacity
coevolution
Light polarization

Keywords

  • Diffusion
  • Metamictization
  • Optical properties
  • Precambrian
  • Radiation damage
  • Zircon (U-Th)/He thermochronometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Zircon grain selection reveals (de)coupled metamictization, radiation damage, and He diffusivity. / Ault, Alexis K.; Guenthner, William; Moser, Amy C.; Miller, Gifford H.; Refsnider, Kurt A.

In: Chemical Geology, Vol. 490, 25.06.2018, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ault, Alexis K. ; Guenthner, William ; Moser, Amy C. ; Miller, Gifford H. ; Refsnider, Kurt A. / Zircon grain selection reveals (de)coupled metamictization, radiation damage, and He diffusivity. In: Chemical Geology. 2018 ; Vol. 490. pp. 1-12.
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AB - Broad variability in intrasample effective U concentration (eU) in zircon crystals is required to characterize zircon (U-Th)/He (zircon He) date-eU relationships that resolve thermal histories in ancient rocks. We describe a new protocol for selecting grains for zircon He thermochronometry that leverages visual crystal metamictization, a proxy for radiation damage accumulation, to generate a range in intrasample eU and zircon He date-eU/metamictization trends. Plane polarized light images, eU concentration, and zircon He data from 59 individual grains from six Proterozoic and three Archean North American granitoids reveal a progressive increase in crystal opacity and discoloration that correspond to increasing eU in each sample. Zircon eU ranges from 89 to 1885 ppm across the dataset and individual samples have eU variations of 538 ppm to 1579 ppm. Three Proterozoic samples yield distinct negative zircon He date-eU patterns with individual dates of ~908 to 20 Ma. Archean grains collectively define a negative date-eU trend from ~661 to 4 Ma. In contrast, three other Proterozoic samples yield uniform ~25 Ma zircon He dates over an 1800 ppm eU range, despite increasing eU with increasing metamictization. Simple thermal history models that account for coevolution of zircon radiation damage and He diffusion demonstrate visible metamictization and diffusivity are either coupled or decoupled depending on a sample's thermal history. Zircon He date-eU/metamictization pediments develop when variable but high eU grains with variable visual damage and closure temperature close with respect to He at the same time. Uniform dates with progressive increases in eU and visual damage, reflect decoupled He diffusion and visual damage, are associated with rapid cooling, and/or imply some forms of damage in zircon may not fully anneal.

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