### Abstract

In 1914, Hardy proved that infinitely many non-trivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function lie on the critical line using the transformation formula of the Jacobi theta function. Recently the first author obtained an integral representation involving the Riemann Ξ-function and the confluent hypergeometric function linked to the general theta transformation. Using this result, we show that a series consisting of bounded vertical shifts of a product of the Riemann Ξ-function and the real part of a confluent hypergeometric function has infinitely many zeros on the critical line, thereby generalizing a previous result due to the first and the last authors along with Roy and Robles. The latter itself is a generalization of Hardy's theorem.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 307-323 |

Number of pages | 17 |

Journal | Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications |

Volume | 466 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Oct 1 2018 |

### Keywords

- Bounded vertical shifts
- Confluent hypergeometric function
- Riemann zeta function
- Theta transformation
- Zeros

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Analysis
- Applied Mathematics

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## Cite this

*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*,

*466*(1), 307-323. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmaa.2018.05.072