X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies of bond structure between polyvinyl alcohol and a titanate cross-coupling agent

Mehmet A. Gülgün, Oludele O. Popoola, Waltraud M. Kriven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chemical interactions between polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and triethanol amine titanate chelate were studied using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The titanate chelate cross coupled the PVA solution and produced a viscous gel. The gel had a three-dimensional network structure containing -CPVA-O-Ti-O-CPVA- organic complexes. A new C(1s) signature at 285.7 eV and an o(1s) signature at 531.25 eV were associated with the formation of these complexes. The water of the PVA solution was physically retained in the gelled structure and was readily available for chemical reactions. The removal of this entrapped water was irreversible and led to a collapsed film of Ti-cross-linked PVA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1565-1571
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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