We investigated the As(III) and As(V) adsorption complexes forming at the γ-Al2O3/water interface as a function of pH and ionic strength (I), using a combination of adsorption envelopes, electrophoretic mobility (EM) measurements, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The As adsorption envelopes show that (1) As(III) adsorption increases with increasing pH and is insensitive to I changes (0.01 and 0.8 M NaNO3) at pH 3-4.5, while adsorption decreases with increasing I between pH 4.5 and 9.0, and (2) As(V) adsorption decreases with increasing pH and is insensitive to I changes at pH 3.5-10. The EM measurements show that As(III) adsorption does not significantly change the EM values of γAl2O3 suspension in 0.1 M NaNO3 at pH 4-8, whereas As(V) adsorption lowered the EM values at pH 4-10. The EXAFS data indicate that both As(III) and As(V) form inner-sphere complexes with a bidentate binuclear configuration, as evidenced by a As(III)-A1 bond distance of ≅3.22 Å and a As(V)-Al bond distance of ≅3.11 Å. The As(III) XANES spectra, however, show that outer-sphere complexes are formed in addition to inner-sphere complexes and that the importance of outer-sphere As(III) complexes increases with increasing pH (5.5 to 8) and with decreasing I. In short, the data indicate for As(III) that inner- and outer-sphere adsorption coexist whereas for As(V) inner-sphere complexes are predominant under our experimental conditions.
- Adsorption mechanisms
- Electrophoretic mobility
- Oxide-water interface
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry