This paper addresses the problem of video coding in a joint source-channel setting. In particular, we propose a video encoding algorithm that prevents the indefinite propagation of errors in predictively encoded video - a problem that has received considerable attention over the last decade. This is accomplished by periodically transmitting a small amount of additional information, termed coset information, to the decoder, as opposed to the popular approach of periodic insertion of intra-coded frames. Perhaps surprisingly, the coset information is capable of correcting for errors, without the encoder having a precise knowledge of the lost packets that resulted in the errors. In the context of real-time transmission, the proposed approach entails a minimal loss in performance over conventional encoding in the absence of channel losses, while simultaneously allowing error recovery in the event of channel losses. We demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed approach through experimental evaluation. In particular, the performance of the proposed framework is 3-4 dB superior to the conventional approach of periodic insertion of intra-coded frames, and 1.5-2 dB away from an ideal system, with infinite decoding delay, operating at Shannon capacity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Signal Processing
- Media Technology
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering