The growth of publishing in the Ming dynasty resulted in a number of books devoted to assisting those who were taking the government examinations. Often written by men who had failed the exams themselves, and who were seeking to set their work apart from that of their competitors, the books encouraged nontraditional approaches to the exams, especially those dealing with The Four Books, and weakened the link between teachers and students and between the government and the gentry.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||38|
|Journal||Late Imperial China|
|State||Published - Jun 1 1996|
- HANDBOOKS, vade-mecums, etc.