World Englishes and Language Ideologies

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter analyzes language ideologies within the context of world Englishes, focusing mainly on language ideological debates that have shaped the field of the study of world Englishes. These debates highlight the importance of language ideological analysis for a proper understanding of the social stratification of English language variation; to answer, ultimately, the important sociolinguistic question: why does language vary in the ways that it does? The answer to this rather simple question is inextricably tied to the complicated notion of power, or how power works. Building on the work of J. Irvine and S. Gal’s ‘Language Ideology and Linguistic Differentiation’, this chapter shows how certain ideological strategies are continually manipulated to legitimize and rationalize the power of ‘standard’ (English) language.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of World Englishes
EditorsMarkku Filppula, Juhani Klemola, Devyani Sharma
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780199777716
StatePublished - 2015


  • world Englishes
  • Standard English
  • language ideological debates
  • power


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