Word Production from the Perspective of Speech Errors in Aphasia

Myrna F. Schwartz, Gary S Dell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The central thesis of this chapter is that data from aphasia provide a key link between behavioral studies of speech errors and neurocognitive models of language production. We describe a body of research that uses the interactive two-step model to characterize the cognitive machinery of lexical access and simulate aphasic speech error patterns in naming and repetition. The model incorporates a two-step lexical access process and a nonlexical process for accessing phonology directly from auditory input. It attributes the variety of aphasic error patterns to variation in model parameters. In a final step, we have used voxel-based lesion analysis to map the lesion correlates of error patterns and parameters in large numbers of individuals, thereby linking model processes and brain areas. This work complements and extends contemporary neurocognitive accounts of language and brain, demonstrating that aphasia research is as central to theory development today as it has been historically.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeurobiology of Language
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages701-715
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780124078628
ISBN (Print)9780124077942
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Aphasia
  • Interactive two-step model
  • Naming
  • Repetition
  • Speech errors
  • Voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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