Wing base structure supports Coleorrhyncha + Auchenorrhyncha (Insecta: Hemiptera)

Kazunori Yoshizawa, Naoki Ogawa, Christopher H. Dietrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The phylogenetic placement of the moss bugs (Insecta: Hemiptera: Coleorrhyncha) has been highly controversial. Many apparent morphological apomorphies support the close relationship between Coleorrhyncha and Heteroptera (=true bugs). However, a recent phylogenomic study strongly supported a sister group relationship between Coleorrhyncha and Auchenorrhyncha (planthoppers, leafhoppers, treehoppers, spittlebugs, and cicadas). To test these two alternative hypotheses, we examined the fore- and hindwing base structure of the only known extant macropterous species of Coleorrhyncha using binocular and confocal laser scanning microscopes and analyzed the data selected from the wing base phylogenetically. When full morphological data including the wing base characters were analyzed, the sister group relationship between Coleorrhyncha + Heteroptera was supported, agreeing with previous consensus based on morphology. In contrast, when only wing base characters were analyzed separately, the clade Coleorrhyncha + Auchenorrhyncha was recovered, in agreement with the result from the phylogenomic study. The membranous condition of the proximal median plate in the forewing was identified as a potential synapomorphy of the latter grouping, and the absence of the tegula was excluded as a potential synapomorphy of Coleorrhyncha and Heteroptera.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-207
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017

Fingerprint

Auchenorrhyncha
support structure
Hemiptera
Heteroptera
Insecta
Insects
planthopper
Membracidae
Cercopidae
Bryophyta
Cicadidae
moss
Fulgoroidea
Cicadellidae
laser
microscopes
phylogenetics
lasers
mosses and liverworts
Lasers

Keywords

  • Auchenorrhyncha
  • Coleorrhyncha
  • Heteroptera
  • phylogeny
  • wing base structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Wing base structure supports Coleorrhyncha + Auchenorrhyncha (Insecta : Hemiptera). / Yoshizawa, Kazunori; Ogawa, Naoki; Dietrich, Christopher H.

In: Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, Vol. 55, No. 3, 08.2017, p. 199-207.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{588c12bce3934a6ea93e4382a4f0a08f,
title = "Wing base structure supports Coleorrhyncha + Auchenorrhyncha (Insecta: Hemiptera)",
abstract = "The phylogenetic placement of the moss bugs (Insecta: Hemiptera: Coleorrhyncha) has been highly controversial. Many apparent morphological apomorphies support the close relationship between Coleorrhyncha and Heteroptera (=true bugs). However, a recent phylogenomic study strongly supported a sister group relationship between Coleorrhyncha and Auchenorrhyncha (planthoppers, leafhoppers, treehoppers, spittlebugs, and cicadas). To test these two alternative hypotheses, we examined the fore- and hindwing base structure of the only known extant macropterous species of Coleorrhyncha using binocular and confocal laser scanning microscopes and analyzed the data selected from the wing base phylogenetically. When full morphological data including the wing base characters were analyzed, the sister group relationship between Coleorrhyncha + Heteroptera was supported, agreeing with previous consensus based on morphology. In contrast, when only wing base characters were analyzed separately, the clade Coleorrhyncha + Auchenorrhyncha was recovered, in agreement with the result from the phylogenomic study. The membranous condition of the proximal median plate in the forewing was identified as a potential synapomorphy of the latter grouping, and the absence of the tegula was excluded as a potential synapomorphy of Coleorrhyncha and Heteroptera.",
keywords = "Auchenorrhyncha, Coleorrhyncha, Heteroptera, phylogeny, wing base structure",
author = "Kazunori Yoshizawa and Naoki Ogawa and Dietrich, {Christopher H.}",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1111/jzs.12173",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "55",
pages = "199--207",
journal = "Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research",
issn = "0947-5745",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Wing base structure supports Coleorrhyncha + Auchenorrhyncha (Insecta

T2 - Hemiptera)

AU - Yoshizawa, Kazunori

AU - Ogawa, Naoki

AU - Dietrich, Christopher H.

PY - 2017/8

Y1 - 2017/8

N2 - The phylogenetic placement of the moss bugs (Insecta: Hemiptera: Coleorrhyncha) has been highly controversial. Many apparent morphological apomorphies support the close relationship between Coleorrhyncha and Heteroptera (=true bugs). However, a recent phylogenomic study strongly supported a sister group relationship between Coleorrhyncha and Auchenorrhyncha (planthoppers, leafhoppers, treehoppers, spittlebugs, and cicadas). To test these two alternative hypotheses, we examined the fore- and hindwing base structure of the only known extant macropterous species of Coleorrhyncha using binocular and confocal laser scanning microscopes and analyzed the data selected from the wing base phylogenetically. When full morphological data including the wing base characters were analyzed, the sister group relationship between Coleorrhyncha + Heteroptera was supported, agreeing with previous consensus based on morphology. In contrast, when only wing base characters were analyzed separately, the clade Coleorrhyncha + Auchenorrhyncha was recovered, in agreement with the result from the phylogenomic study. The membranous condition of the proximal median plate in the forewing was identified as a potential synapomorphy of the latter grouping, and the absence of the tegula was excluded as a potential synapomorphy of Coleorrhyncha and Heteroptera.

AB - The phylogenetic placement of the moss bugs (Insecta: Hemiptera: Coleorrhyncha) has been highly controversial. Many apparent morphological apomorphies support the close relationship between Coleorrhyncha and Heteroptera (=true bugs). However, a recent phylogenomic study strongly supported a sister group relationship between Coleorrhyncha and Auchenorrhyncha (planthoppers, leafhoppers, treehoppers, spittlebugs, and cicadas). To test these two alternative hypotheses, we examined the fore- and hindwing base structure of the only known extant macropterous species of Coleorrhyncha using binocular and confocal laser scanning microscopes and analyzed the data selected from the wing base phylogenetically. When full morphological data including the wing base characters were analyzed, the sister group relationship between Coleorrhyncha + Heteroptera was supported, agreeing with previous consensus based on morphology. In contrast, when only wing base characters were analyzed separately, the clade Coleorrhyncha + Auchenorrhyncha was recovered, in agreement with the result from the phylogenomic study. The membranous condition of the proximal median plate in the forewing was identified as a potential synapomorphy of the latter grouping, and the absence of the tegula was excluded as a potential synapomorphy of Coleorrhyncha and Heteroptera.

KW - Auchenorrhyncha

KW - Coleorrhyncha

KW - Heteroptera

KW - phylogeny

KW - wing base structure

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85020693862&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85020693862&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jzs.12173

DO - 10.1111/jzs.12173

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85020693862

VL - 55

SP - 199

EP - 207

JO - Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research

JF - Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research

SN - 0947-5745

IS - 3

ER -