Wind-tunnel study of surface boundary conditions for large-eddy simulation of turbulent flow past a rough-to-smooth surface transition

Leonardo P. Chamorro, Fernando Porté-Agel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A wind-tunnel experiment was performed to test surface boundary condition formulations for large-eddy simulation downwind of a rough-to-smooth surface transition in a turbulent boundary layer for (Reτ ≈ 1.5 ×104). Single and x-wire anemometers were used to obtain simultaneous high-resolution measurements of surface shear stress and wind velocity at different heights and positions downwind of the transition. One-dimensional filtering, using Taylor's hypothesis, was used to obtain filtered signals of both velocity and surface shear stress. Experimental results show substantial differences between measured and modelled shear stress using standard boundary conditions based on the direct application of the similarity theory (the log law under neutral conditions) with local fluctuating filtered velocities. Those errors affect both the average value as well as higher order statistics of the predicted surface shear stress. The best performance is obtained with a model that calculates the average surface shear stress using a modified log law that accounts for the adjustment of the mean velocity and surface shear stress downwind of the transition. The surface shear stress fluctuations are modelled proportional to the velocity fluctuations, which improves the prediction of the variance and spectrum of the fluctuating shear stress with respect to standard boundary conditions. The optimum value of the proportionality coefficient in that model is found to be slightly larger than the one reported for homogeneous boundary layers, and it has only a small dependence on distance from the transition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Turbulence
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 24 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Large eddy simulation
wind tunnels
large eddy simulation
turbulent flow
shear stress
Turbulent flow
Wind tunnels
Shear stress
Boundary conditions
boundary conditions
Boundary layers
Higher order statistics
anemometers
wind velocity
turbulent boundary layer
Anemometers
boundary layers
adjusting
statistics
wire

Keywords

  • Atmospheric boundary layer
  • Large-eddy simulation
  • Roughness transition
  • Surface shear stress model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Wind-tunnel study of surface boundary conditions for large-eddy simulation of turbulent flow past a rough-to-smooth surface transition",
abstract = "A wind-tunnel experiment was performed to test surface boundary condition formulations for large-eddy simulation downwind of a rough-to-smooth surface transition in a turbulent boundary layer for (Reτ ≈ 1.5 ×104). Single and x-wire anemometers were used to obtain simultaneous high-resolution measurements of surface shear stress and wind velocity at different heights and positions downwind of the transition. One-dimensional filtering, using Taylor's hypothesis, was used to obtain filtered signals of both velocity and surface shear stress. Experimental results show substantial differences between measured and modelled shear stress using standard boundary conditions based on the direct application of the similarity theory (the log law under neutral conditions) with local fluctuating filtered velocities. Those errors affect both the average value as well as higher order statistics of the predicted surface shear stress. The best performance is obtained with a model that calculates the average surface shear stress using a modified log law that accounts for the adjustment of the mean velocity and surface shear stress downwind of the transition. The surface shear stress fluctuations are modelled proportional to the velocity fluctuations, which improves the prediction of the variance and spectrum of the fluctuating shear stress with respect to standard boundary conditions. The optimum value of the proportionality coefficient in that model is found to be slightly larger than the one reported for homogeneous boundary layers, and it has only a small dependence on distance from the transition.",
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AB - A wind-tunnel experiment was performed to test surface boundary condition formulations for large-eddy simulation downwind of a rough-to-smooth surface transition in a turbulent boundary layer for (Reτ ≈ 1.5 ×104). Single and x-wire anemometers were used to obtain simultaneous high-resolution measurements of surface shear stress and wind velocity at different heights and positions downwind of the transition. One-dimensional filtering, using Taylor's hypothesis, was used to obtain filtered signals of both velocity and surface shear stress. Experimental results show substantial differences between measured and modelled shear stress using standard boundary conditions based on the direct application of the similarity theory (the log law under neutral conditions) with local fluctuating filtered velocities. Those errors affect both the average value as well as higher order statistics of the predicted surface shear stress. The best performance is obtained with a model that calculates the average surface shear stress using a modified log law that accounts for the adjustment of the mean velocity and surface shear stress downwind of the transition. The surface shear stress fluctuations are modelled proportional to the velocity fluctuations, which improves the prediction of the variance and spectrum of the fluctuating shear stress with respect to standard boundary conditions. The optimum value of the proportionality coefficient in that model is found to be slightly larger than the one reported for homogeneous boundary layers, and it has only a small dependence on distance from the transition.

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