Why Is There Anything at All?

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter marks out a two-stage argument from contingency for a maximally great being. In the first stage, the authors support premises in a modal cosmological argument for a Necessary Foundation of contingent things. The discussion ends with an examination of objections to this idea. In the second stage, it is argued from “modal continuity” that this Necessary Foundation would be maximal with respect to its causal capacities and other basic attributes. The authors suggest that if their argument is sound, then the best explanation of why there is anything is ultimately in terms of a maximally great, necessary being. A key aspect of the chapter’s argument is that the totality of necessary concrete reality cannot have arbitrary non-maximal limits with respect to its basic, uncaused attributes.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTwo Dozen (or so) Arguments for God
Subtitle of host publicationThe Plantinga Project
EditorsJerry Walls, Trent Dougherty
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780190842222, 9780190842215
StatePublished - Sep 4 2018


  • cosmological argument
  • argument from contingency
  • maximally great being
  • modal argument
  • necessary being


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