Wholesale Demand for USDA Quality Graded Boxed Beef and Effects of Seasonality

Jayson L. Lusk, Thomas L. Marsh, Ted C. Schroeder, John A. Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study estimates wholesale demand for pork, chicken, and quality differentiated beef. We estimate meat retailer own- and cross-price demand elasticities for USDA Choice and Select boxed beef. Results indicate that meat retailers have more elastic demand for lower quality graded beef. Retail beef price has a strong positive relationship with Choice and Select boxed beef demand, and a strong negative relationship with wholesale pork and chicken demand. Seasonal analysis reveals demand for both beef quality grades becomes highly price inelastic during the summer months. The two beef quality grades are substitutes during the winter; however, Select beef is not a substitute for Choice beef in the spring and summer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-106
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Resource Economics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Beef
  • Chicken
  • Demand
  • Pork
  • Quality
  • USDA Choice
  • USDA Select
  • Wholesale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Economics and Econometrics


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