Whole-Genome Sequence Analysis of Pseudorabies Virus Clinical Isolates from Pigs in China between 2012 and 2017 in China

Ruiming Hu, Leyi Wang, Qingyun Liu, Lin Hua, Xi Huang, Yue Zhang, Jie Fan, Hongjian Chen, Wenbo Song, Wan Liang, Nengshui Ding, Zuohua Li, Zhen Ding, Xibiao Tang, Zhong Peng, Bin Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Pseudorabies virus (PRV) is an economically significant swine infectious agent. A PRV outbreak took place in China in 2011 with novel virulent variants. Although the association of viral genomic variability with pathogenicity is not fully confirmed, the knowledge concerning PRV genomic diversity and evolution is still limited. Here, we sequenced 54 genomes of novel PRV variants isolated in China from 2012 to 2017. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that China strains and US/Europe strains were classified into two separate genotypes. PRV strains isolated from 2012 to 2017 in China are highly related to each other and genetically close to classic China strains such as Ea, Fa, and SC. RDP analysis revealed 23 recombination events within novel PRV variants, indicating that recombination contributes significantly to the viral evolution. The selection pressure analysis indicated that most ORFs were under evolutionary constraint, and 19 amino acid residue sites in 15 ORFs were identified under positive selection. Additionally, 37 unique mutations were identified in 19 ORFs, which distinguish the novel variants from classic strains. Overall, our study suggested that novel PRV variants might evolve from classical PRV strains through point mutation and recombination mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1322
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2021


  • Genome
  • Phylogeny
  • Pseudorabies virus
  • Recombination
  • Selection pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology


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