White Dialectics as Multidimensional, Contextual, and Transformational

Elizabeth M. Abrams, Nathan R. Todd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This rejoinder provides a response to reactions by Ponterotto, Sue, and Toporek to the White dialectics framework presented in Todd and Abrams's article. The present response focuses on incorporating multidimensionality, the multilevel nature of context, and the potential for transformation in the White dialectics framework. The authors expand future directions for research and present a recent example of the application of the White dialectics framework to antiracist work with women from a local community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-437
Number of pages15
JournalThe Counseling Psychologist
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • White identity
  • Whiteness
  • barriers to change
  • dialectic
  • grounded theory
  • multidimensionality
  • social justice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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