Abstract

Computer algorithms organize and select information across a wide range of applications and industries, from search results to social media. Abuses of power by Internet platforms have led to calls for algorithm transparency and regulation. Algorithms have a particularly problematic history of processing information about race. Yet some analysts have warned that foundational computer algorithms are not useful subjects for ethical or normative analysis due to complexity, secrecy, technical character, or generality. We respond by investigating what it is an analyst needs to know to determine whether the algorithm in a computer system is improper, unethical, or illegal in itself. We argue that an "algorithmic ethics" can analyze a particular published algorithm. We explain the importance of developing a practical algorithmic ethics that addresses virtues, consequences, and norms: We increasingly delegate authority to algorithms, and they are fast becoming obscure but important elements of social structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4972-4990
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Communication
Volume10
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Algorithms
  • Applied ethics
  • Information and communication technologies (ICT)
  • Internet studies
  • Science and technology studies (STS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication

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