When does gender count further insights into gender schematic processing of female candidates' political advertisements

Chingching Chang, Jacqueline C.Bush Hitchon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this study we explored viewers' responses to advertising by female political candidates. Gender schema theory provided the basis for developing a better understanding of the circumstances when voters evaluate female candidates and how cognitive representations of what women are like influence viewer responses. Results showed general support for the predictions derived from gender schema theory. That is, participants did seem to rely on gender schema in making judgments, a form of inference making known as "default processing," when information was absent. Results also indicated that participants relied more on gender schematic processing when the advertisement elicited positive emotions and less on gender schematic processing when exposed to an attack ad. For comparison, viewers' responses to male candidates' political advertising were also examined. We conclude with a discussion of the implications of these findings for political campaigns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-208
Number of pages12
JournalSex Roles
Volume51
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • gender schema
  • political advertising
  • schematic processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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