What is this song about anyway? Automatic classification of subject using user interpretations and lyrics

Kahyun Choi, Jin Ha Lee, J Stephen Downie

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Metadata research for music digital libraries has traditionally focused on genre. Despite its potential for improving the ability of users to better search and browse music collections, music subject metadata is an unexplored area. The objective of this study is to expand the scope of music metadata research, in particular, by exploring music subject classification based on user interpretations of music. Furthermore, we compare this previously unexplored form of user data to lyrics at subject prediction tasks. In our experiment, we use datasets consisting of 900 songs annotated with user interpretations. To determine the significance of performance differences between the two sources, we applied Friedman's ANOVA test on the classification accuracies. The results show that user-generated interpretations are significantly more useful than lyrics as classification features (p < 0.05). The findings support the possibility of exploiting various existing sources for subject metadata enrichment in music digital libraries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2014 IEEE/ACM Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, JCDL 2014
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages453-454
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9781479955695
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014
Event2014 14th IEEE/ACM Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, JCDL 2014 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: Sep 8 2014Sep 12 2014

Other

Other2014 14th IEEE/ACM Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, JCDL 2014
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period9/8/149/12/14

Keywords

  • Data mining
  • Lyrics
  • Metadata
  • Music
  • Music Information Retrieval
  • Subject
  • Text classification
  • User-generated content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Choi, K., Lee, J. H., & Downie, J. S. (2014). What is this song about anyway? Automatic classification of subject using user interpretations and lyrics. In 2014 IEEE/ACM Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, JCDL 2014 (pp. 453-454). [6970221] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/JCDL.2014.6970221