What is computation? (How) does nature compute?

Cristian S. Calude, Gregory J. Chaitin, Edward Fredkin, Anthony J. Leggett, Rob de Ruyter, Tommaso Toffoli, Stephen Wolfram

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationA Computable Universe
Subtitle of host publicationUnderstanding and Exploring Nature as Computation
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Co.
Pages673-726
Number of pages54
ISBN (Electronic)9789814374309
ISBN (Print)9789814374293
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Calude, C. S., Chaitin, G. J., Fredkin, E., Leggett, A. J., de Ruyter, R., Toffoli, T., & Wolfram, S. (2012). What is computation? (How) does nature compute? In A Computable Universe: Understanding and Exploring Nature as Computation (pp. 673-726). World Scientific Publishing Co.. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789814374309_0035