What are omics sciences?

Mario Vailati-Riboni, Valentino Palombo, Juan J Loor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The word omics refers to a field of study in biological sciences that ends with -omics, such as genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, or metabolomics. The ending -ome is used to address the objects of study of such fields, such as the genome, proteome, transcriptome, or metabolome, respectively. More specifically genomics is the science that studies the structure, function, evolution, and mapping of genomes and aims at characterization and quantification of genes, which direct the production of proteins with the assistance of enzymes and messenger molecules. Transcriptome is the set of all messenger RNA molecules in one cell, tissue, or organism. It includes the amount or concentration of each RNA molecule in addition to the molecular identities. The term proteome refers to the sum of all the proteins in a cell, tissue, or organism. Proteomics is the science that studies those proteins as related to their biochemical properties and functional roles, and how their quantities, modifications, and structures change during growth and in response to internal and external stimuli. The metabolome represents the collection of all metabolites in a biological cell, tissue, organ, or organism, which are the end products of cellular processes. Metabolomics is the science that studies all chemical processes involving metabolites. More specifically, metabolomics is the study of chemical fingerprints that specific cellular processes establish during their activity; it is the study of all small-molecule metabolite profiles. Overall, the objective of omics sciences is to identify, characterize, and quantify all biological molecules that are involved in the structure, function, and dynamics of a cell, tissue, or organism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPeriparturient Diseases of Dairy Cows
Subtitle of host publicationA Systems Biology Approach
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages1-7
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9783319430331
ISBN (Print)9783319430317
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Metabolomics
metabolomics
metabolome
Metabolites
Molecules
Metabolome
Tissue
organisms
Proteome
metabolites
Genomics
proteome
Transcriptome
transcriptome
Proteomics
proteomics
Genes
Chemical Phenomena
cells
genomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Vailati-Riboni, M., Palombo, V., & Loor, J. J. (2017). What are omics sciences? In Periparturient Diseases of Dairy Cows: A Systems Biology Approach (pp. 1-7). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-43033-1_1

What are omics sciences? / Vailati-Riboni, Mario; Palombo, Valentino; Loor, Juan J.

Periparturient Diseases of Dairy Cows: A Systems Biology Approach. Springer International Publishing, 2017. p. 1-7.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Vailati-Riboni, M, Palombo, V & Loor, JJ 2017, What are omics sciences? in Periparturient Diseases of Dairy Cows: A Systems Biology Approach. Springer International Publishing, pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-43033-1_1
Vailati-Riboni M, Palombo V, Loor JJ. What are omics sciences? In Periparturient Diseases of Dairy Cows: A Systems Biology Approach. Springer International Publishing. 2017. p. 1-7 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-43033-1_1
Vailati-Riboni, Mario ; Palombo, Valentino ; Loor, Juan J. / What are omics sciences?. Periparturient Diseases of Dairy Cows: A Systems Biology Approach. Springer International Publishing, 2017. pp. 1-7
@inbook{c19bad05105e4ddabf629a0fa9d5b926,
title = "What are omics sciences?",
abstract = "The word omics refers to a field of study in biological sciences that ends with -omics, such as genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, or metabolomics. The ending -ome is used to address the objects of study of such fields, such as the genome, proteome, transcriptome, or metabolome, respectively. More specifically genomics is the science that studies the structure, function, evolution, and mapping of genomes and aims at characterization and quantification of genes, which direct the production of proteins with the assistance of enzymes and messenger molecules. Transcriptome is the set of all messenger RNA molecules in one cell, tissue, or organism. It includes the amount or concentration of each RNA molecule in addition to the molecular identities. The term proteome refers to the sum of all the proteins in a cell, tissue, or organism. Proteomics is the science that studies those proteins as related to their biochemical properties and functional roles, and how their quantities, modifications, and structures change during growth and in response to internal and external stimuli. The metabolome represents the collection of all metabolites in a biological cell, tissue, organ, or organism, which are the end products of cellular processes. Metabolomics is the science that studies all chemical processes involving metabolites. More specifically, metabolomics is the study of chemical fingerprints that specific cellular processes establish during their activity; it is the study of all small-molecule metabolite profiles. Overall, the objective of omics sciences is to identify, characterize, and quantify all biological molecules that are involved in the structure, function, and dynamics of a cell, tissue, or organism.",
author = "Mario Vailati-Riboni and Valentino Palombo and Loor, {Juan J}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-43033-1_1",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9783319430317",
pages = "1--7",
booktitle = "Periparturient Diseases of Dairy Cows",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - What are omics sciences?

AU - Vailati-Riboni, Mario

AU - Palombo, Valentino

AU - Loor, Juan J

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - The word omics refers to a field of study in biological sciences that ends with -omics, such as genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, or metabolomics. The ending -ome is used to address the objects of study of such fields, such as the genome, proteome, transcriptome, or metabolome, respectively. More specifically genomics is the science that studies the structure, function, evolution, and mapping of genomes and aims at characterization and quantification of genes, which direct the production of proteins with the assistance of enzymes and messenger molecules. Transcriptome is the set of all messenger RNA molecules in one cell, tissue, or organism. It includes the amount or concentration of each RNA molecule in addition to the molecular identities. The term proteome refers to the sum of all the proteins in a cell, tissue, or organism. Proteomics is the science that studies those proteins as related to their biochemical properties and functional roles, and how their quantities, modifications, and structures change during growth and in response to internal and external stimuli. The metabolome represents the collection of all metabolites in a biological cell, tissue, organ, or organism, which are the end products of cellular processes. Metabolomics is the science that studies all chemical processes involving metabolites. More specifically, metabolomics is the study of chemical fingerprints that specific cellular processes establish during their activity; it is the study of all small-molecule metabolite profiles. Overall, the objective of omics sciences is to identify, characterize, and quantify all biological molecules that are involved in the structure, function, and dynamics of a cell, tissue, or organism.

AB - The word omics refers to a field of study in biological sciences that ends with -omics, such as genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, or metabolomics. The ending -ome is used to address the objects of study of such fields, such as the genome, proteome, transcriptome, or metabolome, respectively. More specifically genomics is the science that studies the structure, function, evolution, and mapping of genomes and aims at characterization and quantification of genes, which direct the production of proteins with the assistance of enzymes and messenger molecules. Transcriptome is the set of all messenger RNA molecules in one cell, tissue, or organism. It includes the amount or concentration of each RNA molecule in addition to the molecular identities. The term proteome refers to the sum of all the proteins in a cell, tissue, or organism. Proteomics is the science that studies those proteins as related to their biochemical properties and functional roles, and how their quantities, modifications, and structures change during growth and in response to internal and external stimuli. The metabolome represents the collection of all metabolites in a biological cell, tissue, organ, or organism, which are the end products of cellular processes. Metabolomics is the science that studies all chemical processes involving metabolites. More specifically, metabolomics is the study of chemical fingerprints that specific cellular processes establish during their activity; it is the study of all small-molecule metabolite profiles. Overall, the objective of omics sciences is to identify, characterize, and quantify all biological molecules that are involved in the structure, function, and dynamics of a cell, tissue, or organism.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042411364&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042411364&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-43033-1_1

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-43033-1_1

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:85042411364

SN - 9783319430317

SP - 1

EP - 7

BT - Periparturient Diseases of Dairy Cows

PB - Springer International Publishing

ER -