Well-centered triangulation

Evan Vanderzee, Anil N. Hirani, Damrong Guoy, Edgar A. Ramos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Meshes composed of well-centered simplices have nice orthogonal dual meshes (the dual Voronoi diagram). This is useful for certain numerical algorithms that prefer such primal-dual mesh pairs. We prove that well-centered meshes also have optimality properties and relationships to Delaunay and minmax angle triangulations. We present an iterative algorithm that seeks to transform a given triangulation in two or three dimensions into a well-centered one by minimizing a cost function and moving the interior vertices while keeping the mesh connectivity and boundary vertices fixed. The cost function is a direct result of a new characterization of well-centeredness in arbitrary dimensions that we present. Ours is the first optimization-based heuristic for wellcenteredness and the first one that applies in both two and three dimensions. We show the results ofapplying our algorithm to small and large two-dimensional meshes, some with a complex boundary,and obtain a well-centered tetrahedralization of the cube. We also show numerical evidence thatour algorithm preserves gradation and that it improves the maximum and minimum angles of acutetriangulations created by the best known previous method.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4497-4523
Number of pages27
JournalSIAM Journal of Scientific Computing
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2010


  • well-centered
  • meshing
  • Mesh optimization
  • acute
  • triangulation
  • Discrete exterior calculus


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