We report exceptional nanoscale wear and fouling resistance of ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) tips integrated with doped silicon atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilevers. The resistively heated probe can reach temperatures above 600°C. The batch fabrication process produces UNCD tips with radii as small as 15 nm, with average radius 50 nm across the entire wafer. Wear tests were performed on substrates of quartz, silicon carbide, silicon, or UNCD. Tips were scanned for more than 1 m at a scan speed of 25 μm s -1 at temperatures ranging from 25 to 400°C under loads up to 200 nN. Under these conditions, silicon tips are partially or completely destroyed, while the UNCD tips exhibit little or no wear, no signs of delamination, and exceptional fouling resistance. We demonstrate nanomanufacturing of more than 5000 polymer nanostructures with no deterioration in the tip.
- Atomic force microscope (AFM)
- Thermal dip-pen nanolithography (tDPN)
- Tip-based nanofabrication (TBN)
- Ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)