Estimation of the power spectrum S(f) of a stationary random process can be viewed as a nonparametric statistical estimation problem. We introduce a nonparametric approach based on a wavelet representation for the logarithm of the unknown S(f). This approach offers the ability to capture statistically significant components of In S(f) at different resolution levels and guarantees nonnegativity of the spectrum estimator. The spectrum estimation problem is set up as a problem of inference on the wavelet coefficients of a signal corrupted by additive non-Gaussian noise. We propose a wavelet thresholding technique to solve this problem under specified noise/resolution tradeoffs and show that the wavelet coefficients of the additive noise may be treated as independent random variables. The thresholds are computed using a saddle-point approximation to the distribution of the noise coefficients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Signal Processing
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering