Wavelet-Based Improvements for Inertial Sensor Error Modeling

Stephane Guerrier, Roberto Molinari, Yannick Stebler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The parametric estimation of stochastic error signals is a common task in many engineering applications, such as inertial sensor calibration. In the latter case, the error signals are often of complex nature, and very few approaches are available to estimate the parameters of these processes. A frequently used approach for this purpose is the maximum likelihood (ML), which is usually implemented through a Kalman filter and found via the expectation-maximization algorithm. Although the ML is a statistically sound and efficient estimator, its numerical instability has brought to the use of alternative methods, the main one being the generalized method of wavelet moments (GMWM). The latter is a straightforward, consistent, and computationally efficient approach, which nevertheless loses statistical efficiency compared with the ML method. To narrow this gap, in this paper, we show that the performance of the GMWM estimator can be enhanced by making use of model moments in addition to those provided by the vector of wavelet variances. The theoretical findings are supported by simulations that highlight how the new estimator not only improves the finite sample performance of the GMWM but also allows it to approach the statistical efficiency of the ML. Finally, a case study with an inertial sensor demonstrates how useful this development is for the purposes of sensor calibration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2693-2700
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Volume65
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Error modeling
  • generalized method of wavelet moments (GMWM)
  • inertial measurement units (IMUs)
  • latent time series models
  • sensor calibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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