Water-repellent slippery surfaces for HVAC&R systems

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Minimizing water retention on the air side of aluminum surfaces is important in the design and operation of efficient heat exchangers for heating, ventilation, air-conditioning and refrigeration (HVAC&R) systems. Accumulation of water degrades the performance of heat exchangers by lowering the heat transfer rate and increasing the pressure drop. As a result, power consumption in such systems increases. In this work, a method of fabricating liquid-infused slippery surfaces with honeycomb-like superhydrophobic micro-/nano-structure substrate via an anodization process is developed. The slippery surface exhibits superhydrophobicity with a contact angle of 155° and a sliding angle smaller than 5°. The delay of ice formation is observed during condensation/frosting experiment. Frost-melt retention experiments show that the liquid-infused slippery surface reduces the water retention by 90% compared to an untreated specimen. The longevity of the slippery surface is also explored. The water retention ratio does not show a significant change after 60 frosting/defrosting cycles, and is still only one third that of the baseline. The slippery surface has potential in HVAC&R applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDevelopment and Characterization of Multifunctional Materials; Mechanics and Behavior of Active Materials; Modeling, Simulation and Control of Adaptive Systems
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9780791857298
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
EventASME 2015 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2015 - Colorado Springs, United States
Duration: Sep 21 2015Sep 23 2015

Publication series

NameASME 2015 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2015
Volume1

Other

OtherASME 2015 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2015
CountryUnited States
CityColorado Springs
Period9/21/159/23/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Building and Construction

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