Wallace Craig's Appetites and Aversions as Constituents of Instincts: A Centennial appreciation

Gordon M. Burghardt, Richard W. Burkhardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Wallace Craig's "Appetites and Aversions as Constituents of Instincts," one of the seminal articles in animal behavior, comparative psychology, and ethology, appeared 100 years ago this year. The influence of this classic article is continuing and perhaps even expanding. Here we review the major ideas Craig offered in the article, provide a brief sketch of his scientific career and historical context, and examine the impact of the article on ethological and instinct theory. We also review some current applications of his work in diverse areas and discuss why it is cited more now than in earlier decades, especially in articles on causal mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-372
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Comparative Psychology
Volume132
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Appetitive behavior
  • Behavior systems
  • Consummatory acts
  • Instinct theory
  • Wallace Craig

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)

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