One-dimensional crystal growth allows the epitaxial integration of compound semiconductors on silicon (Si), as the large lattice-mismatch strain arising from heterointerfaces can be laterally relieved. Here, we report the direct heteroepitaxial growth of a mixed anion ternary InAsyP1-y nanowire array across an entire 2 in. Si wafer with unprecedented spatial, structural, and special uniformity across the entire 2 in. wafer and dramatic improvements in aspect ratio (>100) and area density (>5 × 10 8/cm2). Heterojunction solar cells consisting of n-type InAsyP1-y (y = 0.75) and p-type Si achieve a conversion efficiency of 3.6% under air mass 1.5 illumination. This work demonstrates the potential for large-scale production of these nanowires for heterogeneous integration of optoelectronic devices.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jun 25 2013|
- III-V semiconductor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)