Vortex-induced vibration of a linearly sprung cylinder with an internal rotational nonlinear energy sink in turbulent flow

Antoine Blanchard, Lawrence A. Bergman, Alexander F. Vakakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We computationally investigate flow past a three-dimensional linearly sprung cylinder undergoing vortex-induced vibration (VIV) transverse to the free stream and equipped with an internal dissipative rotational nonlinear energy sink (NES). The rotational NES consists of a line mass allowed to rotate at constant radius about the cylinder axis, with linearly damped rotational motion. We consider a value of the Reynolds number (Re= 10 , 000 , based on the cylinder diameter and free-stream velocity) at which flow past a linearly sprung cylinder with no NES is three-dimensional and fully turbulent. For this Re value, we show that the rotational NES is capable of passively harnessing a substantial amount of kinetic energy from the rectilinear motion of the cylinder, leading to a significant suppression of cylinder oscillation and a nearly twofold reduction in drag. The results presented herein are of practical significance since they demonstrate a novel passive mechanism for VIV suppression and drag reduction in a high-Re bluff body flow, and lay down the groundwork for designing nonlinear energy sinks with a view to enhancing the performance of VIV-induced power generation in marine currents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)593-609
Number of pages17
JournalNonlinear Dynamics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • Energy harvesting
  • Nonlinear energy sink
  • Turbulent vortex shedding
  • Vortex-induced vibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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