Volumetric strain in non-plastic silty sand subject to multidirectional cyclic loading

Lopamudra Bhaumik, Cassandra J. Rutherford, Alfonso Cerna-Diaz, Scott M. Olson, Ozgun A. Numanoglu, Youssef M.A. Hashash, Thomas Weaver

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Structures founded on dense, compacted sands are currently designed based on the shear stress - shear strain (γcs) - volumetric strain (εv) response of clean sands primarily obtained from unidirectional element tests. This may lead to underestimation of εv under multidirectional seismic loads and incorrect settlement estimation for sands with fines. This paper presents results from first of a kind strain-controlled unidirectional (sinusoidal) and bidirectional (circular, figure-8) cyclic simple shear tests. Clean Ottawa sand and a non-plastic Mississippi River silty sand were tested at modified Proctor relative compactions (RC) of 92 to 99%. At the same RC, presence of non-plastic fines decreased εv. Volumetric strain under bidirectional loading normalized by εv under equivalent unidirectional loading (comparable γcs, RC, overburden pressure) was found to be a function of the number of loading cycles, load path and γcs. A figure-8 loading path yielded higher settlement than an equivalent circular loading path.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeotechnical Special Publication
EditorsThomas L. Brandon, Richard J. Valentine
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers
Number of pages10
EditionGSP 281
ISBN (Electronic)9780784480434
StatePublished - 2017
EventGeotechnical Frontiers 2017 - Orlando, United States
Duration: Mar 12 2017Mar 15 2017

Publication series

NameGeotechnical Special Publication
NumberGSP 281
ISSN (Print)0895-0563


OtherGeotechnical Frontiers 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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