Vocal Fatigue in Prospective Vocal Professionals

Supraja Anand, Pasquale Bottalico, Camille Gray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: The goals of the study were to (a) examine vocal fatigue in speech-language pathology students through subjective and objective measures following a novel 30-minute vocal loading task (VLT) and (b) evaluate the effects of psychosocial factors on vocal fatigue. Methods: Seventeen speech-language pathology students completed a 30-minute VLT using the LingWAVES software program. In addition to maintaining target intensity goals during reading a text, participants were also required to modify their pitch and voice quality. Vocal fatigue was measured subjectively using Vocal Fatigue Index and Borg vocal effort scale and objectively using variations of relative sound pressure level, fundamental frequency, pitch strength, smoothed cepstral peak prominence (CPPS), and acoustic voice quality index before, during, and after VLT. Participants provided information on their sleep quantity, stress, and depression through nonstandardized and standardized surveys. Results: Results revealed that perceived effort and fatigue increased significantly after the 30-minute VLT. Acoustic measures of relative sound pressure level and fundamental frequency and increased systematically during and after the completion of task. All students were moderately stressed and measures related to pitch were highly related with perceived stress. Conclusions: The results of this study provide support for altering multiple vocal parameters to induce measurable changes in vocal fatigue following a short-duration VLT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-258
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Voice
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2021


  • Acoustics
  • Psychosocial factors
  • Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) students
  • Vocal fatigue
  • Vocal loading

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing
  • LPN and LVN
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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