Visual chunking skills of Hong Kong children

Ada K.H. Pak, Alice Cheng-Lai, Ivy F. Tso, Hua Shu, Wenling Li, Richard C. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This study investigated the development of visual chunking skills in the processing of Chinese characters among Hong Kong pupils. One-hundred-seventy- nine primary school students from first, second and fourth grades were administered a character copying task. Children as young as 6 years of age were aware of character units and were able to apply visual chunking strategies when processing characters. Children in higher grades performed better than those in lower grades on every character type, and the types of errors they made revealed that their chunking level was higher than that of younger children. Differences between ability groups emerged in second grade and vanished in fourth grade, suggesting that children with a lower reading ability are slower to develop advanced chunking skills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-454
Number of pages18
JournalReading and Writing
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 2005


  • Chinese reading ability
  • Delayed-copying
  • Visual chunking skills

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Education
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing


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