Viscous inertial mass damper (VIMD) for seismic responses control of the coupled adjacent buildings

Lei Lu, Jiaqi Xu, Ying Zhou, Wensheng Lu, Billie F. Spencer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Many research studies have focused on a novel kind of damper involved with an inertial/gyro mass component, called the inertial mass damper (IMD). Different realizations of the IMD share common standard features: a sizeable apparent mass and the pseudo-negative dynamic stiffness. The connected control method (CCM) has been proven effective for mitigating vibration between adjacent flexible structures. This paper explores the efficacy of using an IMD in parallel with a viscous damper (termed VIMD) configured in the sky bridge to control the vibration of two adjacent towers under random earthquake excitation. First, numerical models of two buildings are developed using a Timoshenko beam model, which can accommodate both bending and shear deformation. Key damper parameters are explored through a parametric study. Then, stochastic optimization is performed to determine optimum damper parameters and the most effective configuration. The optimization results are analyzed in detail, and guidelines for the damper configuration are recommended. By comparing the optimal control performance between the VIMD and traditional viscous damper (VD), the following conclusions can be drawn: due to its pseudo-negative stiffness characteristics and large damper force, the VIMD can achieve better control performances for a wide range of the axial stiffness of the sky bridge; the VIMD requires a smaller damping coefficient and axial stiffness, which can result in smaller damper sizes and member sections of the sky bridge. Therefore, the VIMD is demonstrated to be a useful alternative for engineering practice in CCM vibration mitigation strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111876
JournalEngineering Structures
StatePublished - Apr 15 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Damper configuration
  • Damper parameters
  • Pseudo-negative stiffness
  • Stochastic performance optimization
  • Viscous inertial mass damper (VIMD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Viscous inertial mass damper (VIMD) for seismic responses control of the coupled adjacent buildings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this