Viscosity of blueberry and raspberry juices for processing applications

C. I. Nindo, J. Tang, J. R. Powers, P. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Rheological behavior of blueberry and red raspberry juice concentrates were studied with the objective of defining suitable mathematical models for use in evaporation and other processing procedures. The flow properties were determined for juice with solids content of up to 65° Brix and temperatures between 20 and 60 °C. The two juice products are predominantly Newtonian over the range of temperature and solids content studied. For a given solids content, raspberry juice showed a slightly higher activation energy than blueberry juice (for example, at 65° Brix the values are 41.2 and 39.1 kJ/mol, respectively). With juices containing 10% and 55% dissolved solids, flow instability (Taylor vortices) occurred in the concentric cylinder gap when shear rates reached 180 s-1 and 1000 s-1, respectively. Determination of laminar flow boundaries is important for accurate characterization of flow behavior of fluid foods for processing applications. The mathematical models obtained in this study would be useful for spot determination of juice viscosity during evaporation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-350
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Food Engineering
Volume69
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Activation energy
  • Evaporation
  • Refractance window
  • Taylor vortices
  • Viscosity model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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