Viscoelastic modeling and field validation of flexible pavements

Mostafa A. Elseifi, Imad L. Al-Qadi, Pyeong Jun Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The objective of this study was to characterize hot-mix asphalt (HMA) viscoelastic properties at intermediate and high temperatures and to incorporate laboratory-determined parameters into a three-dimensional finite element (FE) model to accurately simulate pavement responses to vehicular loading at different temperatures and speeds. Results of the developed FE model were compared against field-measured pavement responses from the Virginia Smart Road. Results of this analysis indicated that the elastic theory grossly underpredicts pavement responses to vehicular loading at intermediate and high temperatures. In addition, the elastic FE model could not simulate permanent deformation or delayed recovery, a known characteristic of HMA materials. In contrast, results of the FE viscoelastic model were in better agreement with field measurements. In this case, the average error in the prediction was less than 15%. The FE model successfully simulated retardation of the response in the transverse direction and rapid relaxation of HMA in the longitudinal direction. Moreover, the developed model allowed predicting primary rutting damage at the surface and its partial recovery after load application.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-178
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2006


  • Asphalt mixes
  • Laboratory tests
  • Pavement design
  • Validation
  • Viscoelasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Viscoelastic modeling and field validation of flexible pavements'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this