Viscoelastic and viscoplastic mechanical behavior of polymeric nanofibers: An experimental and theoretical approach

M. Naraghi, I. Chasiotis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The viscous behavior of polymers in nanometer scale volumes can significantly differ from bulk, due to the large free surfaces and the dominating molecular heterogeneity at nanoscale. In this study, we present the first experimental investigation on the creep and strain rate behavior of electrospun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibers. The apparatus used in this study was a MEMS-based platform, developed by the authors with the addition of a feedback loop to (a) maintain constant force on a nanofiber during a creep experiment and (b) vary the applied strain rate to investigate the viscoplastic response of amorphous polymer nanofibers. The creep compliance was found to be highly dependent on the nanofiber diameter, increasing with its diameter. In agreement with previous literature studies, it was concluded that the higher stiffness of thinner nanofibers was due to higher molecular alignment. A semi-empirical model was proposed to describe the experimentally determined viscous response of the PAN nanofibers, was composed of a Langevin spring and an Eyring's dashpot to capture the strain rate sensitive yield stress and the orientation hardening observed in our experiments. The present experiments coupled with the semi-empirical model are among the first efforts to understand viscous phenomena at the nanoscale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTime Dependent Constitutive Behavior and Fracture/Failure Processes - Proceedings of the 2010 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics
PublisherSpringer New York LLC
Pages235-240
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781441994981
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

Publication series

NameConference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series
Volume3
ISSN (Print)2191-5644
ISSN (Electronic)2191-5652

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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    Naraghi, M., & Chasiotis, I. (2011). Viscoelastic and viscoplastic mechanical behavior of polymeric nanofibers: An experimental and theoretical approach. In Time Dependent Constitutive Behavior and Fracture/Failure Processes - Proceedings of the 2010 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics (pp. 235-240). (Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series; Vol. 3). Springer New York LLC. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9794-4_34