Virulence of Rhizoctonia oryzae on wheat and barley cultivars from the Pacific Northwest

T. C. Paulitz, J. D. Smith, K. K. Kidwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rhizoctonia oryzae (teleomorph = Waitea circinata) causes sheath spot of rice and root rot of wheat and barley. R. oryzae commonly is isolated from barley, wheat, and pea plants in eastern Washington and Idaho. Eight representative isolates were tested for virulence on spring barley (Hordeum vulgare cv. Baronesse), soft white winter wheat (Triticum aestivum cv. Madsen), and hard red spring wheat (cv. Scarlet) planted in natural soil in the greenhouse and maintained at 16°C. All isolates caused significant reduction of emergence in barley, but only seven of the eight isolates and one of the eight isolates reduced emergence of winter wheat and spring wheat, respectively. All isolates caused significant stunting and reduction in the number of seminal roots, root length, and number of root tips on wheat and barley. Some isolates also reduced the frequency of fine secondary roots, resulting in a reduction of the average root diameter. Spring barley was more susceptible to R. oryzae than winter or spring wheat. The main effects of both cultivar and isolate were significant, and there was a significant isolate-cultivar interaction. R. oryzae isolate 80042 was the most virulent on barley, whereas R. oryzae isolate 801387 was the most virulent on wheat. The two isolates from pea were intermediate in virulence on wheat and barley. When screening germ plasm for potential resistance, isolates exhibiting the maximum virulence for each host should be used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-55
Number of pages5
JournalPlant disease
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hordeum vulgare
  • Rhizoctonia root rot
  • Triticum aestivum
  • Waitea circinata

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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