Virtual reality exposure therapy

B. O. Rothbaum, L. Hodges, Rob Kooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


It has been proposed that virtual reality (VR) exposure may be an alternative to standard in vivo exposure. Virtual reality integrates real- time computer graphics, body tracking devices, visual displays, and other sensory input devices to immerse a participant in a computer-generated virtual environment. Virtual reality exposure is potentially an efficient and cost-effective treatment of anxiety disorders. VR exposure therapy reduced the fear of heights in the first controlled study of virtual reality in treatment of a psychiatric disorder. A case study supported the efficacy of VR exposure therapy for the fear of flying. The potential for virtual reality exposure treatment for these and other disorders is explored, and therapeutic issues surrounding the delivery of VR exposure are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-226
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Psychotherapy Practice and Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 23 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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