Virtual environments for treating the fear of heights

Larry F. Hodges, Rob Kooper, Thomas C. Meyer, Barbara O. Rothbaum, Dan Opdyke, Johannes J. de Graaff, James S. Williford, Max M. North

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle


User immersion in a synthetic environment differentiates virtual reality (VR) from interactive computer graphics or multimedia. For the past few years, several studies have been conducted to determine the possibility of using virtual environments to conduct exposure therapy of individuals with psychological disorders. In this paper, a pilot study that used virtual reality graded exposure techniques to treat acrophobia or the fear of heights is described. In particular emphasis is directed towards the extent to which subjects are made to feel that they are actually present in height situations, and the efficacy of the treatment conducted using virtual height situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages7
Specialist publicationComputer
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Virtual environments for treating the fear of heights'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this