Vibrational energy transfer in high explosives: nitromethane

Xiaoyu Hong, Jeffrey R. Hill, Dana D. Dlott

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Time resolved vibrational spectroscopy with picosecond tunable mid-infrared pulses is used to measure the rates and investigate the detailed mechanisms of multiphonon up-pumping and vibrational cooling in a condensed high explosive, nitromethane. Both processes occur on the approx.100 ps time scale under ambient conditions. The mechanisms involve sequential climbing or descending the ladder of molecular vibrations. Efficient intermolecular vibrational energy transfer from various molecules to the symmetric stretching excitation of NO2 is observed. The implications of these measurements for understanding shock initiation to detonation and the sensitivities of energetic materials to shock initiation are discussed briefly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-362
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
StatePublished - 1996
EventProceedings of the 1995 MRS Fall Symposium - Boston, MA, USA
Duration: Nov 27 1995Nov 30 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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