Verticillium longisporum and Fusarium solani: Two new species in the complex of internal discoloration of horseradish roots

M. Babadoost, W. Chen, A. D. Bratsch, C. E. Eastman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study was conducted to determine the causal agent(s) of internal discoloration of horseradish roots. In 1999, 133 roots from 31 fields, and in 2000, 108 roots from nine fields, were assayed to determine the incidence and severity of internal discoloration of horseradish roots as well as the pathogen(s) associated with discoloured tissue. Verticillium dahliae, Verticillium longisporum and Fusarium solani were isolated from 14, 16 and 23% of roots in 1999, and from 24, 20 and 19% of roots in 2000, respectively. Verticillium longisporum on horseradish was identified for the first time. Pathogenicity tests of isolated microorganisms were conducted on horseradish in the glasshouse. In one experiment on the susceptible cultivar 1573, roots (sets) were inoculated by dipping the sets in a suspension of either V. dahliae microsclerotia, V. longisporum microsclerotia, or F. solani conidia and then grown in a soil mix over 5 months. Plants inoculated with any of the three species developed root discoloration similar to that observed in commercial fields. Internal root discoloration symptoms developed over a period of 5 months. For all three pathogens, severity of root discoloration was significantly higher after 5 months compared with 2 months from inoculation. In another experiment on cultivar 1590, tissue culture-generated seedlings and sets were planted in an infested soil mix with V. dahliae or V. longisporum and grown in the glasshouse. Plants developed root discoloration, as observed in the field. The pathogens were reisolated from inoculated plants in both experiments. No pathogen was isolated from the control plants in the experiments. The results of this study suggest that internal discoloration of horseradish roots is a disease complex caused by at least three fungal species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)669-676
Number of pages8
JournalPlant Pathology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2004


  • Armoracia rusticana
  • Soilborne disease
  • Vascular discoloration
  • Verticillium wilt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture


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