E‐business has seen significant growth over the past few years. To fully realize the benefits of e‐business, common standards are required to define the syntax and semantics of Web‐based information sharing among firms. Recently, numerous vertical standards developing organizations (SDO) have emerged to develop e‐business standards. From a standard making perspective, this paper identifies the uniqueness of vertical e‐business standards, explains why the consortium‐based mechanism is popular among vertical e‐business standardization projects and overviews the existing literature on consortia‐based standardization. Based on literature reviews and anecdotal vertical e‐business SDO cases, we propose a participant‐technical content‐institutional structure framework, which lays a foundation for vertical e‐business SDO research and points out future research opportunities.
- institutional structure
- vertical e‐business standards
- process standards
- technical content