Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Light for the information age

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The emergence of miniature light sources such as the vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) is poised to advance the information age. The development of VCSELs has stimulated a wide range of materials research into epitaxial growth and device-fabrication technologies. In this article, current and emerging applications that are guiding the commercial development of VCSELs are first considered, followed by discussions of the VCSEL epitaxial structure and fabrication technologies. This brief overview will also mention recent efforts aimed at achieving long-wavelength VCSELs grown on GaAs substrates, as well as approaches for achieving a high modulation rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)507-511
Number of pages5
JournalMRS Bulletin
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2002


  • Compound semiconductors
  • Ion implantation
  • Optoelectronic materials
  • Selective oxidation
  • Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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