Verbal Reports in Instructed SLA Research: Opportunities, Challenges, and Limitations

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Verbal reports have been used in first and second language research for decades by researchers seeking to gather data about learners’ cognitive processes and processing that would be inaccessible by other means. Despite the widespread use of verbal reports, there have been questions surrounding their validity. This chapter provides an overview of the history and use of both concurrent and retrospective verbal reports in instructed SLA research, synthesizing research addressing their validity and outlining the opportunities, challenges, and limitations associated with them. The chapter concludes with future directions for both research and pedagogy.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Routledge Handbook of Second Language Research in Classroom Learning
EditorsRonald P. Leow
Place of PublicationNew York
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781315165080
ISBN (Print)9781138056923
StatePublished - 2019

Publication series

NameRoutledge Handbooks in Applied Linguistics


Dive into the research topics of 'Verbal Reports in Instructed SLA Research: Opportunities, Challenges, and Limitations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this