Venous Thromboprophylaxis in Spine Surgery

Anthony M. Alvarado, Guilherme B.F. Porto, Jeffrey Wessell, Avery L. Buchholz, Paul M. Arnold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study Design: Review article. Objective: A review of the literature on postoperative initiation of thrombophylactic agents following spine surgery. Methods: A review of the literature and synthesis of the data to provide an update on venous thromboprophylaxis following spine surgery. Results: Postoperative regimens of venous thromboprophylaxis measures following spine surgery remain a controversial issue. Recommendations regarding mechanical versus chemical prophylaxis vary greatly among institutions. Conclusion: Postoperative spine surgery initiation of thromboprophylaxis remains controversial regarding optimal timing and agent selection. The benefits of deep vein thrombosis/pulmonary embolism prophylaxis must be weighed against the possible postoperative complications associated with spine surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65S-70S
JournalGlobal Spine Journal
Volume10
Issue number1_suppl
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • deep vein thrombosis
  • epidural hematoma
  • postoperative
  • prevention
  • pulmonary embolism
  • spine surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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