This paper reviews recent literature pertinent to understanding and treating velopharyngeal impairment during speech. Most of this literature concerns velopharyngeal impairment secondary to palatal clefting, but some papers address velopharyngeal impairment related to other conditions, including neurogenic disorders and palatal lesions. This paper discusses the causes of palatal clefting, the structure and function of the normal velopharynx and that of individuals with clefts, diagnosis of velopharyngeal impairment, treatment of velopharyngeal impairment, and ethical issues of concern to those who treat individuals with histories of palatal clefting.
|Number of pages
|Current Opinion in Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
|Published - 1996
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