Two-component laser Doppler velocimetry was used to obtain detailed mean velocity and turbulence measurements in the near wake of a cylindrical afterbody with base bleed in a Mach 2.5 flow. The bleed flow provides at least some of the fluid required for shear layer entrainment and shields the base annulus from the outer shear layer and the primary recirculation region, leading to an increase in base pressure. There is an overall reduction in turbulence levels throughout the base bleed flowfields relative to the near-wake flowfields of blunt-based and boattailed afterbodies. With increasing bleed, the formation of a strong bleed jet shear layer and secondary recirculation region near the base annulus offsets the benefits of base bleed, leading to a drop in the base pressure. The net benefits of base bleed are maximized at the optimum bleed condition, which corresponds to the highest base pressure, the disappearance of the primary recirculation region, and the lowest turbulence levels in the near-wake flowfield. Increased benefits from base bleed could be achieved by injecting the bleed fluid at the lowest possible velocity through the use of larger bleed orifices, porous bases, or bleed orifices located along the outer base annulus.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aerospace Engineering