Veering and nonlinear interactions of a clamped beam in bending and torsion

David A. Ehrhardt, Thomas L. Hill, Simon A. Neild, Jonathan E. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Understanding the linear and nonlinear dynamic behaviour of beams is critical for the design of many engineering structures such as spacecraft antennae, aircraft wings, and turbine blades. When the eigenvalues of such structures are closely-spaced, nonlinearity may lead to interactions between the underlying linear normal modes (LNMs). This work considers a clamped-clamped beam which exhibits nonlinear behaviour due to axial tension from large amplitudes of deformation. An additional cross-beam, mounted transversely and with a movable mass at each tip, allows tuning of the primary torsion LNM such that it is close to the primary bending LNM. Perturbing the location of one mass relative to that of the other leads to veering between the eigenvalues of the bending and torsion LNMs. For a number of selected geometries in the region of veering, a nonlinear reduced order model (NLROM) is created and the nonlinear normal modes (NNMs) are used to describe the underlying nonlinear behaviour of the structure. The relationship between the ‘closeness’ of the eigenvalues and the nonlinear dynamic behaviour is demonstrated in the NNM backbone curves, and veering-like behaviour is observed. Finally, the forced and damped dynamics of the structure are predicted using several analytical and numerical tools and are compared to experimental measurements. As well as showing a good agreement between the predicted and measured responses, phenomena such as a 1:1 internal resonance and quasi-periodic behaviour are identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
StatePublished - Mar 3 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Closely-spaced modes of vibration
  • Experimental nonlinear dynamics
  • Nonlinear beam
  • Nonlinear mode veering
  • Nonlinear normal modes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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