Within-die parameter variation poses a major challenge to high-performance microprocessor design, negatively impacting a processor's frequency and leakage power. Addressing this problem, this paper proposes a microarchitecture-aware model for process variation-including both random and systematic effects. The model is specified using a small number of highly intuitive parameters. Using the variation model, this paper also proposes a framework to model timing errors caused by parameter variation. The model yields the failure rate of microarchitectural blocks as a function of clock frequency and the amount of variation. With the combination of the variation model and the error model, we have VARIUS, a comprehensive model that is capable of producing detailed statistics of timing errors as a function of different process parameters and operating conditions. We propose possible applications of VARIUS to microarchitectural research.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering