Variations in coal characteristics and their possible implications for CO2 sequestration: Tanquary injection site, southeastern Illinois, USA

David G. Morse, Maria Mastalerz, Agnieszka Drobniak, John A. Rupp, S. Harpalani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

As part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Regional Sequestration Partnership program, the potential for sequestering CO 2 in the largest bituminous coal reserve in United States - the Illinois Basin - is being assessed at the Tanquary site in Wabash County, southeastern Illinois. To accomplish the main project objectives, which are to determine CO 2 injection rates and storage capacity, we developed a detailed coal characterization program. The targeted Springfield Coal occurs at 274m (900ft) depth, is 2.1m (7ft) thick, and is of high volatile B bituminous rank, having an average vitrinite reflectance (R o) of 0.63%. Desorbed Springfield Coal gas content in cores from four wells ~15 to ~30m (50 to 100ft) apart varies from 4.7-6.6cm 3/g (150 to 210scf/ton, dmmf) and consists, generally, of >92% CH 4 with lesser amounts of N 2 and then CO 2. Adsorption isotherms indicate that at least three molecules of CO 2 can be stored for each displaced CH 4 molecule. Whole seam petrographic composition, which affects sequestration potential, averages 76.5% vitrinite, 4.2% liptinite, 11.6% inertinite, and 7.7% mineral matter. Sulfur content averages 1.59%. Well-developed coal cleats with 1 to 2cm spacing contain partial calcite and/or kaolinite fillings that may decrease coal permeability. The shallow geophysical induction log curves show much higher resistivity in the lower part of the Springfield Coal than the medium or deep curves because of invasion by freshwater drilling fluid, possibly indicating higher permeability. Gamma-ray and bulk density vary, reflecting differences in maceral, ash, and pyrite content. Because coal properties vary across the basin, it is critical to characterize injection site coals to best predict the potential for CO 2 injection and storage capacity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-38
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Coal Geology
Volume84
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010

Keywords

  • ISGS
  • Characterization
  • Sorption
  • Coal heterogeneity
  • Illinois
  • Sequestration
  • Porosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economic Geology
  • Geology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Stratigraphy

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