Variation among 41 genotypes of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) for Crossability to L. peruvianum (L.) Mill.

E. J. Sacks, L. M. Gerhardt, E. B. Graham, J. Jacobs, T. A. Thorrup, D. A. St. Clair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Even with the aid of tissue culture, crosses between Lycopersicon esculentum (E) and L. peruvianum (P) typically yield few progeny. To determine whether soma E genotypes produce more progeny per fruit that others when crossed with P, 41 E genotypes ware crossed with pollen bulked from five P accessions. This first experiment (expt 1) was replicated over 2 years. In a second experiment (expt 2), differences among three genotypes each of E and P, and among individual plants within E genotypes were investigated. The E genotypes for expt 2 were chosen for relatively high and low crossability based on results of expt 1. The P genotypes for expt 2 were from different accessions than those used in expt 1. For both experiments, the 15 largest ovules from each ripe fruit were cultured aseptically for 1 month. Out of 1228 fruit, 753 hybrids were obtained. For expt 1, significant genotype by year interactions were observed. Within each year, there ware significant differences among E genotypes for crossability. In expt 2, significant effects were found for E genotypes, but not for interactions between E and P genotypes, P genotypes, nor plants within E genotypes. Moreover, general crossability for E genotypes using bulked pollen (expt 1) was indicative of general crossability with three P accessions not present in the bulk (expt 2). Thus, selecting E genotypes of high crossability to P is the key to obtaining progeny for gone introgression. Rare production of E x P seed which was large and had brown seed coats typical of E seed indicated strong selection pressure to maintain separate species, but gone exchange in nature may be possible albeit at a low rate over long periods of time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-477
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of botany
Volume80
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Interspecific hybridization
  • Lycopersicon esculentum
  • Lycopersicon peruvianum
  • Ovule culture
  • Speciation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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