Value orientations: A description of teachers' goals for student learning

Catherine D. Ennis, Weimo Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined the extent to which physical educators made consistent decisions regarding goals for student learning within five educational value orientations. The research examined value orientations within hypothetical educational situations as represented by a paper and pencil inventory. Ninety physical educators in three school districts in the midwest completed the Value Orientation Inventory (VOI). Total scores from each value orientation on the VOI were converted to T-scores and used to divide teachers into two groups representing high and low priority categories. Chi-square tests were used to examine the data by gender, teaching level, and teacher’s years of experience. Results indicated that 97% of the physical educators made consistent curricular and instructional decisions within one or more of the value orientations. There were no significant differences based on gender, level, or teaching experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-40
Number of pages8
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1991
Externally publishedYes


  • Curriculum content
  • Student learning
  • Teacher beliefs
  • Value orientations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Nephrology


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